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Young Christian Girl Abducted, Police Showing Slackness in this Case | Lahore, Pakistan


Lahore, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | Young Pakistani Christian girl goes missing after the suspected abduction. Details emerged that the incident unfolded on October 25, Thursday when abductee Saima Javed went to the market to buy shampoo. She did not return home since then. Her family remains on pins and needle as thus far they have not heard any news about her.
30-years-old Saima daughter of Javed Masih is resident of Lahore Cantt. Consequently, on October 30 the agitated family of the victim staged a protest on the road leading to Cavalry ground. The protestors burnt tyres and blocked the road causing the traffic jam. Young Christian activist Chaudhry Amon Emmanuel unfolded the sad episode telling that the police have been shunning desperate Christian family. Police are using delaying tactics showing slackness to take action in this case.
The protest started at around 5 pm and continued until Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) Hameed Virk arrived at the scene and requested the crowds to disperse. Victim’s family along with Chaudhary Amon went to the police station where DSP Hameed Virk listened to their grievance. They told DSP Virk that soon after the incident; Saima’s family went to R.A. Bazar Police Station who told them that this case pertains to the jurisdiction of Naseerabad Police Station.
When Saima’s family arrived at Naseerabad Police Station, they were told that an FIR will not be registered because the incident occurred within the jurisdiction of R.A. Bazar Police Station. Police tried to harass the Christian family and they continuously shunned them. Subsequently, on October 29 an FIR (First Information Report) was registered. However, police are yet to take action as no progress has been made in this case.
Chaudhary Amon told Christians in Pakistan that DSP Virk has assured action against police personnel who showed biasness in carrying out their duty. He has invited brother of Saima to come to his office and identify the police personnel who allegedly harassed them.
He told that family of Saima has searched for her in every hospital. Saima’s brother urged the Chief Minister of Punjab Usman Buzdar to take notice of the incident and direct police officials to take efficacious action in order to recover the abductee. He said that the CM should take notice of the reluctant attitude of the police, owing to the fact that the complainants are Christians.
Chaudhary Amon Emmanuel urged Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Mian Saqib Nisar to take Sou Moto notice of the incident. He said that there have been 22 recorded case of abduction of Christian girls this year so far. He said that media is also showing biasness because a major road of the city is blocked still there is no media representative present on the scene to cover the incident.
“I request social activists and media personnel to cover this incident. Christians are also equal citizens of Pakistan, raise voice for them. Police are threatening the victim’s family, please pray for them.”

Asia Bibi Acquitted in Blasphemy Case


Islamabad, Pakistan (The News International) | The Supreme Court on Wednesday acquitted Asia Bibi of blasphemy charges, declaring the death penalty handed down to her by a trial court null and void.
The verdict on her final appeal against her execution was reserved by a special three-member bench on October 8.

Asia Bibi acquitted: Complete Supreme Court verdict

The bench ruled that Asia Bibi be released if she is not facing any more charges.
The verdict was announced by a special bench headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar at 9am. Justice Asif Saeed Khosa and Justice Mazhar Alam Khan Miankhel were the other members of the bench. 
The 56-page order, authored by CJP Nisar also has an additional note of Justice Asif Saeed Khosa.
Accepting the plea of the accused, the order read: "It is a well-settled principle of law that one who makes an assertion has to prove it. Thus, the onus rests on the prosecution to prove the guilt of the accused beyond reasonable doubt throughout the trial.
"Presumption of innocence remains throughout the case until such time the prosecution on the evidence satisfies the Court beyond reasonable doubt that the accused is guilty of the offence alleged against him. There cannot be a fair trial, which is itself the primary purpose of criminal jurisprudence, if the judges have not been able to clearly elucidate the rudimentary concept of standard of proof that prosecution must meet in order to obtain a conviction. Two concepts i.e., “proof beyond reasonable doubt” and “presumption of innocence” are so closely linked together that the same must be presented as one unit. If the presumption of innocence is a golden thread to criminal jurisprudence, then proof beyond reasonable doubt is silver, and these two threads are forever intertwined in the fabric of criminal justice system. As such, the expression "proof beyond reasonable doubt" is of fundamental importance to the criminal justice: it is one of the principles which seeks to ensure that no innocent person is convicted. Where there is any doubt in the prosecution story, the benefit should be given to the accused, which is quite consistent with the safe administration of criminal justice.
Further, suspicion howsoever grave or strong can never be a proper substitute for the standard of proof required in a criminal case, i.e. beyond the reasonable doubt. In the presence of enmity between the accused and the complainant/witnesses, usually, a strict standard of proof is applied for determining the innocence or guilt of the accused. If the PWs are found inimical towards the accused, she deserves acquittal on the principle of the benefit of the doubt. Keeping in mind the evidence produced by the prosecution against the alleged blasphemy committed by the appellant, the prosecution has categorically failed to prove its case beyond reasonable doubt. Reliance in this behalf may be made to the cases reported as Muhammad Ashraf Vs. The State (2016 SCMR 1617), Muhammad Jamshaid Vs. The State (2016 SCMR 1019), Muhammad Asghar alias Nannah Vs. The State (2010 SCMR 1706), Noor Muhammad alias Noora Vs. The State (1992 SCMR 2079) and Ayub Masih Vs. The State (PLD 2002 SC 1048)."

While reserving the verdict after hearing, the top court had restrained both electronic and print media from discussing or commenting on the matter till the final judgement.
Asia Bibi, a Christian accused of blasphemy eight years ago, was awarded death sentence over blasphemy charges.
A case was filed against her by a prayer leader in Katanwala village of Nankana Sahib.
The prayer leader said Asia had confessed to committing blasphemy during an argument with a Muslim woman over a bowl of water. She was convicted and sentenced to death in 2010 and has been in jail ever since.

Security beefed up

Sensitizing the matter, the government has made necessary arrangements for maintaining law and order.

Sindh Govt

Meanwhile, in this connection, the Sindh government has also issued a notification of high alert in the province to avert any untoward incident.

Red Zone 

Islamabad Red Zone has also been sealed due to security concerns. The road from Rawal Dam roundabout to Red Zone has also been closed for traffic by  placing  containers to block the passage.

Air Pollution Kills 600,000 Children Each Year | WHO


Geneva, Switzerland (AFP) | Exposure to toxic air both indoors and out kills some 600,000 children under the age of 15 each year, the World Health Organization warned Monday.
Data from the UN health body shows that every day, 93 percent of children under the age of 15 -- a full 1.8 billion youngsters, including 630 million under the age of five -- breath dangerously polluted air.
This has tragic consequences: In 2016 alone, some 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air, the WHO report found.
"Polluted air is poisoning millions of children and ruining their lives," WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement.
"This is inexcusable. Every child should be able to breathe clean air so they can grow and fulfil their full potential."
According to WHO data, more than nine out of 10 people on the planet breath dangerously toxic air, causing some seven million premature deaths each year.
Air pollution is especially dangerous for children, and accounts for nearly one in 10 deaths among children under five around the globe, the report found.
WHO´s study, which examined the health toll on children breathing health-hazardous levels of both outdoor and household air pollution, focused on the dangerous particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres (PM2.5).
These include toxins like sulfate and black carbon, which pose the greatest health risks since they can penetrate deep into the lungs or cardiovascular system.
The report found that children in poorer countries are far more at risk, with a full 98 percent of all children under five in low- and middle-income countries exposed to PM2.5 levels above WHO air quality guidelines.
That compares to 52 percent in high-income countries, WHO said.
Together, household air pollution from cooking and outdoor air pollution cause more than half of all cases of acute lower respiratory infections in young children in low- and middle-income countries, WHO said.
The report launched ahead of the WHO´s first ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, revealed that when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely and have small, low birthweight children.
It found that children are often more vulnerable to the impact of air pollution since they breath more rapidly than adults, and thus absorb more pollutants at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing.
They also live closer to the ground, where a number of pollutants reach peak concentrations, WHO said, pointing out that newborns and young children are also more susceptible to household air pollution in homes that use polluting fuels for cooking, heating, and lighting.
Air pollution can impact a child´s development and cognitive ability and can trigger asthma and childhood cancer, WHO said.
Children who have been exposed to high levels of air pollution may also be at greater risk for chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease later in life, it said.
"Air pollution is stunting our children´s brains, affecting their health in more ways than we suspected," warned Maria Neira, the head of the WHO´s department of public health and environment.
The UN health body is calling for an acceleration of the switch to clean cooking and heating fuels, and for the promotion of cleaner transportation, lower emissions, and better waste management, among other measures.
"The world needs to reduce the overdependance we have on fossil (fuel), and accelerate to clean, renewable energy," Neira told reporters in a conference call.

25-Y-O Mentally Disabled Pakistani Christian Gets Life in Prison Over Blasphemy Charges


Mirpur Khas, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | A 25-year-old Pakistani Christian gets life in prison sentence over blasphemy charges. On September 28, 2018, a Session and District court in Mirpur Khas handed life imprisonment sentence to Yaqoob Bashir. Yaqoob who is also mentally disabled was convicted of blasphemy under 295-C of Pakistan Penal Code.
Back in June 2015, the lad was accused of committing blasphemy. He was accused of burning Quranic verses. Consequently, an FIR number 41/15 was lodged against Yaqoob who was booked by the police under 295-B and C on June 5, 2015. The accused was at that time receiving medical treatment for his mental illness prior to this incident. Yaqoob remained behind the bars for three years before finally, the court convicted him under 295-C.
The court dropped 295-B against him, however, Yaqoob’s defense counsel is determined to challenge the Sessions and District court ruling in Hyderabad High Court. Section 295-C slaps punishment to the convicts for using derogatory language against Prophet Muhammad.
Prior to this verdict, Yaqoob’s bail petitions were turned down by local courts twice. The family of Yaqoob Bashir reports that during the court trials they have been harassed and intimidated by the radical groups. “It’s unbearable and unjust. My son is innocent. He did not insult or do blasphemy. He does not care much of these issues as his mind works differently than that of a normal person’s,” International Christian Concern quoted Yaqoob Bashir’s mother.
“I am illiterate and don’t know much about laws and policies, however, I just want justice for my son and to see him at home as soon as possible,” his mother was quoted.

Air Pollution is the New Tobacco Killing 7M People a Year, Warns WHO Head

The picture was taken while Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus was speaking at a press conference in 2017. Photograph: Fabrice Coffrini/AFP

WHO (APP) | Air pollution is the 'new tobacco', the head of the World Health Organization has warned, saying the simple act of breathing is killing 7 million people a year and harming billions more.
Over 90% of the world’s population suffers toxic air and research is increasingly revealing the profound impacts on the health of people, especially children.
“The world has turned the corner on tobacco. Now it must do the same for the ‘new tobacco’ – the toxic air that billions breathe every day,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the WHO’s director general.
“No one, rich or poor, can escape air pollution. It is a silent public health emergency.”
“Despite this epidemic of needless, preventable deaths and disability, a smog of complacency pervades the planet,” Tedros said, in an article published in The Guardian.
“This is a defining moment and we must scale up action to urgently respond to this challenge.”
The WHO is hosting its first global conference on air pollution and health in Geneva next week, including a high-level action day at which nations and cities are expected to make new commitments to cut air pollution.
Children and babies’ developing bodies are most at risk from toxic air, said Dr. Maria Neira, WHO director for public health and the environment, with 300 million living in places where toxic fumes are six times above international guidelines.
“Air pollution is affecting all of us but children are the most vulnerable of all,” she said, noting the alarm among child health experts about the links between toxic air and respiratory diseases, cancer and damaged intelligence.
“We have to ask what are we doing to our children, and the answer I am afraid is shockingly clear: we are polluting their future, and this is very worrying for all us.”
Tedros said: “A clean and healthy environment is the single most important precondition for ensuring good health. By cleaning up the air we breathe, we can prevent or at least reduce some of the greatest health risks.”
The WHO is working with health professionals not only to help their patients but also to give them the skills and evidence to advocate for health in policy decisions such as moving away from fossil-fuel-powered energy and transport.
“No person, group, city, country or region can solve the problem alone,” he said.
“We need strong commitments and actions from everyone.”
Globally, with smoking on the decline, air pollution now causes more deaths annually than tobacco.
However, researchers think the harm known to be caused by air pollution, such as heart attacks and lung disease, is only “the tip of the iceberg”.
The figure of 7 million early deaths is certain to be an underestimate, as it only includes particle pollution and the five most firmly linked causes of death.
Early estimates using improved models indicate a total figure of 9 million from particle pollution.

Supreme Court Puts All-out Ban on Indian Content on TV Channels


The United Producers Association Pakistan (The News International) | The fraternity of television professionals – had been pushing for banning Indian content on local TV channels for some time. The idea is to promote local, original content and make it preferable over Indian and other foreign content running on our TV screens. To achieve the purpose, the United Producers Association (UPA) had filed a petition against the telecast of foreign content.
As per recent development, Supreme Court, after hearing their petition at the Karachi Registry on Saturday, has ordered the complete ban on Indian content on all Pakistani channels with immediate effect.
“Our dams are being shut, why shouldn’t we ban their channels?” asserted the Chief Justice of Pakistan.
Multiple leading local channels promote foreign content including popular Indian and Turkish soaps that are in a way replacing local content on prime time. This hinders the growth of local TV artists – actors, directors, writers – who strive to make a mark on TV as prominent slots are given to foreign content on some local channels.

Mentally Retarded Girl Allegedly Raped Near Nankana Bypass


Nankana Sahib, Pakistan (The News International) | A 15-years-old mentally retarded girl was allegedly raped by two employees of Rescue 1122 on Saturday night. 
According to the report, a 15-year  old girl (H) was playing outside her house when she went missing. Her parents begun searching her here and there. 
When they reached near Nankana Bypass, they heard voices from a vehicle of Rescue 1122 parked there. They saw that accused Ahsan and Shamim were raping the girl. The accused escaped after throwing her on road.
While police have launched the investigation into the matter to find out the fact.

Gunman Kills Eleven in US Synagogue

An active shooting incident in the area of the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh resulted in “multiple casualties”. The photo was taken from Twitter/ Beau Berman

Pittsburgh, USA (AFP) | A gunman opened fire on Jewish worshippers at a synagogue in the US city of Pittsburgh yesterday, leaving 11 people dead according to US media, in what appeared to be one of the worst anti-Semitic attacks in American history.
The shooter -- identified by media as a 46-year-old white man -- reportedly yelled anti-Jewish slurs as he launched the attack at the Tree of Life synagogue during a baby naming ceremony.
The suspect was taken into police custody and transferred to hospital.
Dozens of people were gathered during Sabbath services at the time of the attack, which federal investigators were treating as a hate crime.
President Donald Trump hit out at a climate of "hate" in America and beyond -- while his daughter Ivanka, a convert to Judaism, denounced a "depraved" attack and Vice President Mike Pence called it "an assault on our freedom of religion."
"There must be no tolerance for anti-Semitism," the president told supporters at a campaign event for next month's midterm elections. "This wicked act of mass murder is pure evil, hard to believe, and, frankly, something that is unimaginable."
"Our nation and the world are shocked and stunned by the grief."
As police cars, ambulances and a SWAT team surrounded the synagogue in the historically Jewish neighborhood of Squirrel Hill, Wendell Hissrich, Pittsburgh's public safety director, confirmed "multiple fatalities" and at least six people injured including four police officers whose condition was not immediately clear.
The Washington Post and the local CBS affiliate said 11 people were dead.
"The scene is very bad inside," Hissrich said. "It's a very horrific crime scene, one of the worst that I've seen, I've been on plane crashes. It's very bad."
A woman on site told CNN her daughter was with others who ran down the stairs and barricaded themselves in the basement of the synagogue after hearing shots.
"They're safe, but they kept hearing them firing and everything else," she told the television network.
Multiple US media identified the shooter as Pittsburgh resident Rob Bowers, whose online posts were reportedly rife with anti-Semitic comments.

OUR HEARTS BREAK

The attack comes at a time of sharp tensions in the United States -- a day after a Trump fan from Florida was arrested for mailing explosive devices to a series of Democratic figures, setting the country on edge ahead of close-fought elections on November 6.
Trump -- who has been accused of fueling tensions with his divisive rhetoric -- briefly considered scrapping a campaign rally later Saturday over the Pittsburgh attack, but finally decided to maintain it.
"We can't let evil change our lives and change our schedule," he said. "You go with a heavy heart but you go."
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu voiced his grief and solidarity with the United States, saying he was "heartbroken and appalled."
"The entire people of Israel grieve with the families of the dead" Netanyahu said in a video message. "We stand together with the Jewish community of Pittsburgh. We stand together with the American people in the face of this horrendous anti-Semitic brutality."
"We are devastated," tweeted Jonathan Greenblatt, the head of the Anti-Defamation League, an American civil rights group, which said it was "likely the deadliest attack on the Jewish community in the history of the United States" and certainly the deadliest since 2014.
"Jews targeted on Shabbat morning at the synagogue, a holy place of worship, is unconscionable. Our hearts break for the victims, their families, and the entire Jewish community," Greenblatt said.
The Pittsburgh attack comes with the United States witnessing a sharp spike in anti-Semitic incidents, having surged 57 percent from 2016 to 2017, to 1,986 from 1,267, according to the ADL.
Trump's daughter Ivanka, in a tweet, vowed that "America is stronger than the acts of a depraved bigot and anti-Semite."
"All good Americans stand with the Jewish people to oppose acts of terror & share the horror, disgust & outrage over the massacre in Pittsburgh."
It is the latest shooting incident in the United States, where gunmen regularly cause mass casualties and firearms are linked to more than 30,000 deaths annually.
The Tree of Life Synagogue, whose congregation was founded more than 150 years ago, is in a residential neighborhood about five miles (eight kilometers) east of downtown Pittsburgh.
Michael Eisenberg, past president of the synagogue, told local television the door would typically have been open on Saturdays with religious services going on. He said police are normally deployed only on High Holy Days -- the holiest annual Jewish religious holidays.
He said security was a "major concern" during his stint as president, and active shooting situations and training were conducted, "if something horrific like this happened."
Squirrel Hill has historically been the center of Jewish life in the greater Pittsburgh and is home to 26 percent of all Pittsburgh-area Jewish households, according to a study from Brandeis University.
More than 80 percent of neighborhood residents said they had some concern or were very concerned about rising anti-Semitism, found the 2017 study.

Microsoft Overtakes Amazon as Second Most Valuable US Company


San Francisco, USA (Reuters) | Microsoft regained its spot as the second most valuable US company on Friday after a disappointing quarterly report from Amazon.com wiped $65 billion off the online retailer’s market capitalization.
Apple tops the list at over $1 trillion after crossing that threshold in September. Microsoft’s market capitalization was Wall Street’s highest in late 1998 through early 2000 before the dot-com bubble burst.
Amazon’s shares dropped 7 percent, the most in nearly three years after its holiday season sales outlook missed targets, fanning concerns that Wall Street’s tech darlings are finally starting to face stronger competition.
Microsoft fell a more modest 1.1 percent in a broad technology sell-off that was also driven by a weaker-than-expected report from Google-parent Alphabet, leaving the Nasdaq composite index. IXIC down 1.9 percent late Friday afternoon.
Shares of Microsoft remain up nearly 4 percent from Wednesday, when the four-decade-old software company beat quarterly profit expectations, driven by its cloud computing business that competes with Amazon’s.
Its stock market value on Friday stood at $823 billion, on track to close above Amazon’s for the first time since April, when it gave up its spot as the second largest company by market capitalization.
Amazon was worth $805 billion on Friday, after falling below Microsoft’s in extended trade on Thursday. The drop was equivalent to the combined values of Target and Corning.
Amazon’s tumble left it up around 40 percent year to date, while Microsoft has gained about 25 percent in 2018. On Wednesday, Amazon’s stock traded at the equivalent of 70 times expected earnings, its lowest level since 2011.
The average analyst price target for Microsoft puts its market cap at $963 billion, while the average price target for Amazon values it at $1.068 trillion.
Apple will report quarterly results on November 1.

The Biography of Rev. Dr. Kundan Lal Nasir | A Renowned Pakistani Christian Scholar


The Biography of Rev. Dr. Kundan Lal Nasir | A Renowned Pakistani Christian Scholar
Now Available in DVD PACK.
To Order, Contact:
Faith Theological Seminary Gujranwala, Pakistan.
Or
Rev. Imran Boota Gill
0308-6411030

Moderator Sutlej Reformed Church Calls to Pray for the Peace & Protection


Bahawalpur, Pakistan | The Rev. Arslan Ul-Haq, Moderator Sutlej Reformed Church of Pakistan calls to pray for the protection and safety for him and all are working at Sutlej Reformed Church in Pakistan. He also urged to pray for the peace, arrangements and successful conduct of Annual Christian Convention 2018 that will be held on Nov 23, 24, 25, 2018. 

Pakistan 10th Biggest Country in Asia for Foreign Investment


Islamabad, Pakistan (APP) | The amount of direct foreign investment in the services sector of Pakistan raised to one point three billion dollars during last year.
According to the Asian Economics Anti-Corruption Report of Asian Development Bank, Pakistan is currently the 10th biggest country in Asia in terms of direct foreign investment, Radio Pakistan reported.

First Pakistani Space Mission in 2022


Islamabad, Pakistan (The News International) | Pakistan’s first space mission has been planned for 2022 and the Federal Cabinet has approved this in today’s meeting.
An agreement between Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and a Chinese company has already been signed, Federal Information Minister Ch Fawad Hussain said after the cabinet meeting.

Pakistani included in Top 40 Analytical Scientists

Dr. Muhammad Farooq Wahab

The News International | A Pakistani scientist, Dr. Muhammad Farooq Wahab, has been included in the 2018 Power List of a British magazine, The Analytical Scientist. The list contains names of 40 young scientists whose accomplishments have made waves in analytical sciences.
Dr. Farooq, who is the son of the late Dr. Abdul Wahab, former vice chancellor of the University of Karachi, is currently working as a research engineering scientist in the department of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Texas in Arlington, United States of America (USA).
One of the proposers of Dr. Farooq for the list remarked, “He is a brilliant young research scientist – few have his ability to formulate experiments to better understand chromatography and separation science”.
According to the magazine, the young Pakistani scientist achieved the world’s fastest separations in 0.5-1 cm homemade columns and developed ‘peak processing’ mathematics that allows chromatographers to operate columns above their peak-capacity, reducing long separations to a few seconds with intact quantitative information even when peaks partially overlap.
Dr. Farooq did his Masters in chemistry from the University of Karachi winning five gold medals. He later obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Alberta in Canada and has been working at the University of Texas for the last several years.
This 2018 Power List has been published by The Analytical Scientist in its October 2018 edition. The 40 analytical scientists in the list were selected from all over the world, including USA, United Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Japan, France, Italy, Netherlands, Brazil, Taiwan, Malaysia, and Luxembourg.

Facebook Removes 8.7M Sexual Photos of Kids in Last Three Months


San Francisco, USA (Reuters) | Facebook Inc said on Wednesday that company moderators during the last quarter removed 8.7 million user images of child nudity with the help of previously undisclosed software that automatically flags such photos.
The machine learning tool rolled out over the last year identifies images that contain both nudity and a child, allowing increased enforcement of Facebook´s ban on photos that show minors in a sexualized context.
A similar system also disclosed on Wednesday catches users engaged in "grooming," or befriending minors for sexual exploitation.
Facebook´s global head of safety Antigone Davis told Reuters in an interview that the "machine helps us prioritize" and "more efficiently queue" problematic content for the company´s trained team of reviewers.
The company is exploring applying the same technology to its Instagram app.
Under pressure from regulators and lawmakers, Facebook has vowed to speed up the removal of extremist and illicit material.
Machine learning programs that sift through the billions of pieces of content users post each day are essential to its plan.
Machine learning is imperfect, and news agencies and advertisers are among those that have complained this year about Facebook´s automated systems wrongly blocking their posts.
Davis said the child safety systems would make mistakes but users could appeal.
"We'd rather err on the side of caution with children," she said.
Facebook´s rules for years have banned even family photos of lightly clothed children uploaded with "good intentions," concerned about how others might abuse such images.
Before the new software, Facebook relied on users or its adult nudity filters to catch child images. A separate system blocks child pornography that has previously been reported to authorities.
Facebook has not previously disclosed data on child nudity removals, though some would have been counted among the 21 million posts and comments it removed in the first quarter for sexual activity and adult nudity.
Shares of Facebook fell 5 percent on Wednesday. Facebook said the program, which learned from its collection of nude adult photos and clothed children photos, has led to more removals.
It makes exceptions for art and history, such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of a naked girl fleeing a Vietnam War napalm attack.
The child grooming system evaluates factors such as how many people have blocked a particular user and whether that user quickly attempts to contact many children, Davis said.
Michelle DeLaune, the chief operating officer at the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), said the organization expects to receive about 16 million child porn tips worldwide this year from Facebook and other tech companies, up from 10 million last year. 
With the increase, NCMEC said it is working with Facebook to develop software to decide which tips to assess first. Still, DeLaune acknowledged that a crucial blind spot is encrypted chat apps and secretive "dark web" sites where much of new child pornography originates.
Encryption of messages on Facebook-owned WhatsApp, for example, prevents machine learning from analyzing them.
DeLaune said NCMEC would educate tech companies and "hope they use creativity" to address the issue.

WhatsApp Rolls out New Stickers Feature


The News International | WhatsApp has now finally rolled out its much-awaited Stickers feature for everyone with an updated app, WABetaInfo reported.
“You need to update your WhatsApp version to the 2.18.329 Android (the reception is enabled since the 2.18.310 Android) and the 2.18.100 iOS updates in order to remotely receive the activation of the Stickers feature,” it added.
While the activation is very slow on IOS, Android users should be immediately able to use the feature on 2.18.329.
If you have the updated version and still don’t see the feature, then you need to reinstall the app but before you remove, don’t forget to create a backup of your chat history.
“Seen that it’s necessary the 2.18.100 update for IOS, all iPhones having iOS 7 won’t be able to use this feature. Precedent versions will not receive the feature. You need to update to the latest version available,” the report further stated.

12 Stickers Packs:

Cuppy by Minseung Song, Salty by Alisa Kryzhanovska, Komo by Sanat Rath, Bibimbap Friends by Pete Ellison, Unchi & Rollie by nu1t, Shiba Inu by Aiko Kuninoi, The Maladroits by Cole Ott, Koko by Hanasake Picture Inc., Fearless and Fabulous by Ann Shen, Banana by Jayde Fish, Biscuit by Ghostbot and Hatch by Hatch.
Initially, only the static stickers are released but animated ones will also be rolled out soon.

Using stickers (Android):

To download and use stickers:

Open any chat or group.
Next to the text input field, tap Emoji > the sticker icon.
To add sticker packs, tap the plus icon.
In the Stickers popup that appears, tap the download icon next to the sticker pack you want to download. A green check mark will appear once the download is complete.
Tap the back arrow icon.
Find and tap the sticker you want to send.

Additional options:

Tap the clock icon to view your recently used stickers.
Tap the star icon to view your favorite stickers.
To favorite a sticker, tap and hold the sticker, then tap ADD.
To unfavorite a sticker, tap the star icon to go to the favorites section. Tap and hold the sticker, then tap REMOVE.
If you tap the heart box icon, it'll show a set of sticker category icons, where stickers are categorized based on the emoji displayed on the icons.
Example: Tapping the heart box icon will bring up any stickers containing hearts.
If you want more sticker options, tap the plus icon. Scroll to the bottom of the ALL STICKERS tab and tap GET MORE STICKERS. This will take you to Google Play Store, where you can download sticker apps.
To view the sticker packs you've downloaded, tap the plus icon > MY STICKERS tab. If you want to delete a specific sticker pack, tap Delete > DELETE. To reorder your sticker packs, tap and drag the four-line icon next to a sticker pack.

NUST, LUMS Scored Among Top 100 Universities in Asia


The News International | The National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) and Islamabad and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) have been ranked among the top 100 universities in Asia.
The two Pakistan-based universities made way to the top 100 internationally-recognized rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) in 2019.
Earlier at 112, Nust has bagged the 87th position in the 2019 rankings while Lums has moved up to 95 from its 103rd position last year.
Quaid-e-Azam University is nearly touching the 100s list, scoring the 109 spot.
The QS rankings have named up to 500 academies, among which Karachi University stands in the 251-260 grouping.
QS Asia Universities Rankings evaluates universities based on six indicators that are academic reputation, employer reputation, faculty students ratio, citation per faculty, international faculty ratio and international students ratio and releases a list of top 500 varsities in Asia every year.

The top 10 universities on the list are:

1. National University of Singapore (NUS)

2. The University of Hong Kong

3. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU)

4. Tsinghua University, China

5. Peking University, China

6. Fudan University, China

7. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

8. KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology, South Korea

9. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK)

10. Seoul National University, South Korea

Christian School Student illegally Arrested, Victim’s Family Seeks Justice | Okara, Pakistan


Okara, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | A young Pakistani Christian Shaqaf Sikander has been illegally detained by the police. The police are yet to charge him, as the boy remains detained. The incident unfolded in Okara, a city in Punjab province. Shaqaf Sikander son of Dildar Ulfat is resident of Chak 10/L Okara, he was arrested when he was on his way to Okara city along with his sisters.
Detailing the incident to Christians in Pakistan, his relative said: “Police are not even permitting his family to meet him.” He revealed that Shaqaf is just 19 years old and is a student of class 10. “Help us,” he implored. “Even if Shaqaf has committed a crime, his family should be allowed to meet with him,” he maintained.
He told Christians in Pakistan that police had kept Shaqaf at Saddar Police Station. No FIR (First Information Report) has been registered against him yet, he explained. Details have this that Shaqaf was accompanied by his sisters when the incident unfolded. Police pulled him out of the rickshaw, and forced him into their mobile van, his sisters revealed. A man identified as Younus who claims to be associated with a security agency stopped the rickshaw, pulling him out forcefully. When Shaqaf’s sisters tried to resist, policemen started misbehaving with them.
Shaqaf’s family claims that; he is not nominated in any police case nor has he committed any crime. He has been held illegally without any reason. They allege that Shaqaf has been held because his father is a leader of the local laborers' organization.
“We urge Chief Justice of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Chief Minister of Punjab, Governor Punjab, I.G. Punjab, D.P.O Okara, and DCO Okara to take notice of this incident, and put a lid to illegal arrests of laborers,” Shaqaf’s family demanded. They urged for an immediate release of Shaqaf so that he can appear in his annual examinations.

Apple Plans to Launch TV Subscription Service Globally


New York, USA (Reuters) | Apple Inc is planning to launch its upcoming TV subscription service in more than 100 countries, technology news website The Information reported on Tuesday, citing three people familiar with the situation.
Apple did not immediately respond to Reuters´ request for comment.

US Renews Call on Pakistan to Cut off Extremists


Washington, USA (AFP) | US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday renewed calls on Pakistan to curb extremists fighting in Afghanistan, saying Washington was holding its uneasy war partner accountable.
Pompeo made the comment as he welcomed long-delayed legislative elections in Afghanistan, saying the United States was "encouraged" by voter turnout, despite reports of widespread problems including poll centers that failed to open or lacked voter rolls.
"Our expectation is that Pakistan will not provide safe harbor to terrorists on their western border," Pompeo told reporters when asked about Islamabad's role.
"We couldn't have made that message any more clear," he said, adding: "Pakistan will be held to account if they don't achieve that if they're not sincere in that effort."
"Everyone wants a reconciliation in Afghanistan and to achieve that, you can't have a safe harbor for Taliban, for Haqqani and for others inside of Pakistan," he said, listing extremist movements fighting in Afghanistan.
President Donald Trump's administration last month cut $300 million in military aid to Pakistan after years of US complaints that Islamabad has kept nurturing ties with militants that target both Afghanistan and rival India.
Pakistan has countered that it has paid a heavy price internally for fighting militants and that it can help bring the Taliban to the table.

Pakistani Christian Asylum Seekers on Pins and Needles as Deportations Begin in Bangkok


Bangkok, Thailand (Christians in Pakistan) | Thai authorities have started deporting the visa overstayers majority of whom are Pakistani Christians. As part of the stepped-up crackdown against illegal migrants, dozens of Pakistani Christians had been arrested recently. British Pakistani Christian Association revealed that some of the Pakistani Christian asylum seekers have managed to escape detention and are in hiding.
BPCA revealed that few despairing Pakistani Christian family that was held in the Immigration Detention Centre have been deported already. More deportations are anticipated in the coming days. Chairman BPCA Mr. Wilson Chowdhry stated: “The primary demographic of Pakistani Christian asylum communities is made up of families, meaning that children and their parents have lost up to 7 years of their lives trying to escape the evil that awaits them In Pakistan.”
Further explaining that: “Unfortunately, we can only try to track those who have been deported to assess their well-being. Others who have been deported in the past continued to have difficulties upon their return and some have ended up in prison.”
As reported earlier, some of the detainees include those who have been granted refugee status by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Refugee status protects a person from being detained in connection to visa-related matters.
Earlier this month, on October 9, Thai authorities conducted raids and detained about 100 Pakistani Christian asylum seekers in Bangkok. Pakistani Christians detained by the immigration authorities include women and children also. Police charged these Pakistani Christians of illegal entry and overstay regardless of the fact that they escaped religious persecution in their homeland.
Grappling with fear, the Pakistani Christians who escape detention take refuge in churches or in homes of local people. The recent episode of the crackdown has put about 2,500 Pakistani Christian refugees in Bangkok on pins and needles.
The recent raids are the result of the zero-tolerance policy of newly appointed head of Thai Immigration Bureau. Pakistani Christians are not the only ones facing the danger of detention but visa overstayers from several other countries from the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. On October 5, about 369 foreigners were detained on various visa related offences.

Headmistress Suspended for Discriminatory Behavior with Christian Student in Attock Pakistan


Attock, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | Human Rights Minister takes notice of the incident that unfolded in Dhok Fateh in Attock District. A headmistress humiliated Sharjeel Masih a Christian student who drank water from a tap in the school.
Sharjeel Masih is a student of grade four at Government Boys Primary School in Dhok Fateh. Sharjeel was expelled from the school because he had drunk water from a tap in the school. The headmistress had purportedly humiliated Sharjeel saying that he was a Choohra (a derogatory word used for Christians) and that he had made the tap unclean. What is more, she also beat him and verbally abused him.
After a week of Sharjeel’s expulsion, the headmistress has been suspended and an inquiry committee has been formed in order to probe the matter. “Acted on this complaint of such horrific discrimination against a child. The teacher has been suspended today & department inquiry set up before final action,” Federal Minister for Human Rights Shireen Mazari tweeted.

The Minister explained that the District Education Officer visited the school and conducted an investigation. For the time being, the headmistress was suspended on as a departmental inquiry will follow final action against her. “Even one such case is one too many,” the Minister tweeted.
Dr. Mazari acted after she received a complaint regarding religion-based discrimination from the parents of Sharjeel Masih. She tweeted the screenshot of the Whatsapp message from Sharjeel’s parents. The message read that the headmistress called Sharjeel “You are a Christian, you a Choohra so you cannot get the education from a government school.”
This is the violation of Article 27, the Whatsapp message read continuing that Section 298 should be invoked against the headmistress urging Chief Justice of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan and Chief Minister of Punjab to take notice of this incident.

Lahore High Court Hears Case Over Restoration of Christian Divorce Act to its Previous Form


Lahore, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | Lahore High Court’s division bench heard the case over the restoration of the Christian Divorce Act to its previous form. The bench sought Parliament’s progress with regard to the legislation concerning Christian Divorce Act 1869.
The bench headed by Justice Aysha A Malik heard the Intra Court Appeal (ICA). Appellant Emmanuel Francis had challenged former Lahore High Court Chief Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah’s verdict which allowed Christian men to divorce women for reasons other than adultery. Justice Syed Mansoor Ali described that the ordinance imposed by Zia regime was in defiance to basic constitutional rights; therefore restoring Section 7 which allows Christian couples to part their ways on other grounds than adultery only.
During the hearing, Additional Advocate General Anwar Hussain told the court that LHC’s single bench did not restore the entire law, but only Section 7 of the Christian Divorce Law was restored. He told the court that the Christian women must not be marooned; in case the parliament failed to fulfill its obligation. He maintained that judiciary’s role would be shelved if the single bench’s decision was set aside.
Justice Ayesha A Malik inquired whether a judge of the Lahore High Court enjoys powers to restore a law repealed by the Parliament. She remarked that the court was fully aware of problems Christian women are facing adding that the parliament must play its role to find a solution to the serious issue.
Emmanuel Francis had maintained that the Christian Divorce Act must be restored to its previous form as in line with the Holy Bible only ground for divorce was adultery. He contended that restoration of Section 7 was an intervention with religion and appealed that the LHC’s single bench’s decision should be revoked.

The New Government Should Fulfill Their Promises With Minorities During Election Campaigns


Faisalabad, Pakistan (Pakistan Christian Post) | Human Rights Focus Pakistan (HRFP) is concerned about increasing persecutions of religious minorities in Pakistan. The minorities concern and expectations are increased since the new government is formed by July 2018 as they expressed a wide range of promises precursors to the protection of minorities and marginalized groups to improve their conditions in the country. It was also assured that the discriminatory practices will be ended with claiming that minorities would be equal citizens and there will be rule of law for every person but without taking any initiatives nor seeing the ground realities, in most recently the Human Rights Minister of Pakistan Shireen Mizari shared with European Delegates that the minorities in Pakistan are enjoying complete freedom and equal citizen rights but the routine’s and recent issues have revealed the true picture of situation and the minorities are concerned that what was a “magic stick” in hands of new rulers which touched to minorities and they became in a status of joyfulness , HRFP added more. 
Human Rights Focus Pakistan (HRFP) as leading minority rights national level organization works on grassroots since 1994 and every year above 1000 religiously persecuted victims from all over the Pakistan approaches to HRFP staff through REAT Helpline (0800 09494) 24/7 a Toll Free Number executes in HRFP office for Protection, Legal Aid, Shelter, Livelihood, Medical Assistance and other basic needs including services of Early Warning System and Referral System as well if required. HRFP is fretful about the numbering of victimizations, particularly the cases of abductions of minority girls for forced conversions & forced marriages, the Churches/temples and Minority Colonies attacks, the assassinations of individuals, false accusations of blasphemy charges (295 A/B/C) and other violations are growing day by day. The most recent examples of such incidents are, the Alahiyabd riots where Riaz Masih with 6 victims persecuted, the Vickram Elwin & Elwin John attacked case, the Pensioners issue of Christian Sanitary workers through Qadir Masih (petitioner), Akash , Nazm and Shamrose issue of discrimination in job quota by police authorities, the Sultan Masih issue about his forcefully termination from the job, Nobel Masih & Sadiq Masih land dispute case, Ibad Masih & Falak Sher case rooted to Church attack and the abductions , forced conversions & forced marriages cases of Nida Sohail, Mehwish Baber, Maryam Khalid, Aneela Tanveer, Kamini Nanakchand and several cases are the real faces of minorities miseries. 
Naveed Walter president HRFP urged to the new government that biased attitudes & behaviors towards minorities is horrendous and the rulers' silence is also a question mark about their promises of change, during election campaigns, even the Prime Minister Imran Khan ensured to make a change in minorities’ situations through new legislations and implementations. He said further that the protection and equal status of minorities should be a priority of new government if they wanted to execute the real democracy but the current situation is unclear about their strategies & initiatives, he added more.

Govt Seeks New SBP’s Digital Policy to Attract E-Payment Gateways


Islamabad, Pakistan (Mehtab Haider/The News International) | Finance Minister Asad Umar asked the central bank to review its rules and regulations to make them more attractive for foreign digital payment operators, including PayPal, in the multimillion dollars of ecommerce market currently dominated by cash-on-delivery.
Umar directed the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) to review rules/requirements pertaining to payment system operators and providers specifically related to the threshold for minimum initial capital requirements in order to encourage new entrants and expedite the work on unified payment interface and national payment gateway.
The finance minister was addressing a meeting to review the information technology exports and digital payments to drive digital inclusion. Umar also recommended a team of stakeholders from the ministry of information technology and telecom and SBP to establish contacts with PayPal with an engagement of Pakistani Ambassador to the US and renowned Pakistani expatriates working in the Silicon Valley.
The meeting aimed to roll out a structured process to address major issues and challenges being faced by the IT and telecom industries to drive the socioeconomic agenda of the government.
The focus of the meeting was to discuss impediments and bottlenecks being faced by the information technology sector especially in the digital payments domain and to decide on measures to settle the issues.
The minister further directed the State Bank of Pakistan to review its existing mechanism, which allows 30 percent retention of foreign currency by IT exporters abroad, and suggest facilitative measures to repatriate remittances to improve official reporting of IT/IT enabled services export revenues.
Earlier this year, Chinese Alibaba’s Ant Financial signed a deal with telecom operator Telenor for purchasing 45 percent stakes in Telenor Microfinance Bank at $184.5 million. The Alibaba Group uses Alipay as its online payment platform and the Chinese e-commerce giant will commence its digital financial services in Pakistan by the end of this year.
Ecommerce market stands at around Rs2 billion and 98 percent of online shopping is fulfilled through cash payment after shipping. Alibaba is currently in the process of acquiring approval from the SBP and the Competition Commission of Pakistan. The company will officially start its operations after getting formal approval from relevant regulators and departments.
Alibaba is looking to tap into the mobile payment financial services sector to facilitate individuals as well as small and micro businesses. Minister for IT and Telecom Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui, Law Minister Mohammad Farogh Naseem, secretaries finance, IT, cabinet and privatisation, and representative of State Bank of Pakistan and technical experts from the ministry of IT and telecom attended the meeting.

New Moon | China to Launch Lunar Lighting in Outer Space

China's artificial moon will beam light eight times brighter than the moon

Beijing, China (AFP) | China is planning to launch its own "artificial moon" by 2020 to replace street lamps and lower electricity costs in urban areas, state media reported Friday (Oct 19).
Chengdu, a city in southwestern Sichuan province, is developing "illumination satellites" which will shine in tandem with the real moon but are eight times brighter, according to China Daily.
The first man-made moon will launch from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan, with three more to follow in 2022 if the first test goes well, said Wu Chunfeng, head of Tian Fu New Area Science Society, the organisation responsible for the project.
Though the first launch will be experimental, the 2022 satellites "will be the real deal with great civic and commercial potential", he said in an interview with China Daily.
By reflecting light from the sun, the satellites could replace street lamps in urban areas, saving an estimated 1.2 billion yuan (US$170 million) a year in electricity costs for Chengdu, if the man-made moons illuminate an area of 50 square kilometers.
The extraterrestrial source of light could also help rescue efforts in disaster zones during blackouts, he added.
AFP was not able to contact Wu nor the Tian Fu New Area Science Society to confirm the reports.
As China's space programme races to catch up with that of the United States and Russia, a number of ambitious projects are in the pipeline, including the Chang'e-4 lunar probe - named after the moon goddess in Chinese mythology - which aims to launch later this year. If it succeeds, it will be the first rover to explore the "dark side" of the moon.
China is not the first country to try beaming sunlight back to Earth. 
In the 1990s, Russian scientists reportedly used giant mirrors to reflect light from space in an experimental project called Znamya or Banner.
Chengdu's artificial moon project was announced by Wu at an innovation and entrepreneurship conference in Chengdu on Oct 10.
In addition to Tian Fu New Area Science Society, other universities and institutes, including the Harbin Institute of Technology and China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, are involved in developing Chengdu's illumination satellites.

Gujar Khan Arson | Interim Bails of the Accused Cancelled, Main Culprit Absconding


Gujar Khan, Pakistan (Christians in Pakistan) | The main culprit in Gujar Khan arson case absconds from court premises after the court cancelled interim bails of the culprits. On September 21, the allegedly accused set fire to the house of a Christian Bashir Masih, they torched his vehicle also. The vandals had brutally tortured the Christian family harassing them to leave the village and never return to their house.
Soon after the reports of this incident circulated, Chief Justice of Pakistan Justice Saqib Nisar took notice of the incident. Subsequently, while hearing the case, a local court cancelled interim bails of three accused namely Adnan, Ahsaan and Naqash. The main culprit, in this case, Kamran absconded from the court premises after hearing the cancellation orders. The court issued orders to arrest the culprits. Police arrested the three culprits, however, two more culprits nominated in the FIR were not present during the court proceedings.
The atrocious unfolded on September 21, as Bashir Masih detailed around 3:30 pm at least 12 men armed with weapons stormed into his house and beat men, women and children unsparingly. “They stripped the clothes of my daughters-in-law and forced them out on the street. They also threw the children, some as young as two, against the walls. My sons and I were hit with gun butts and iron rods amid volleys of abuse and threats.”
The vandals started aerial shooting so as to harass the Christian family as they looted Bashir’s house and torched it. Vandals torched their Suzuki Van also, while the villagers witnessed the incident. The assailants purportedly ransacked all the valuables, gold jewelry in the house before setting it on fire. The Christian family had to flee in order to escape looming death. An FIR no. 504/18 against 12 men named by the victim.
Bashir and his family moved into this village five years back. He maintains that he or his family members had never participated in any dispute. Terrified Christian family claims that they will be killed if they returned to their house. Living in fear they were rendered homeless and destitute.

کیا آپ جانتے ہیں لفظ گوگل غلطی کا نتیجہ ہے؟

                

گوگل کب اور کیسے بنا؟ اس بارے میں انٹرنیٹ پر بہت سی معلومات دستیاب ہیں تاہم مستند اور حقیقت پر مبنی معلومات ڈیوڈ کولر نامی صاحب نے اپنی ایک مختصر یادداشت میں بیان کی ہیں۔ وہ لکھتے ہیں کہ انٹرنیٹ پر گوگل کے نام اور اس ویب سائٹ کے قیام سے متعلق بے بنیاد تحریروں کی بھرمار ہے جن کا حقیقت سے کوئی تعلق نہیں۔
ان کے بقول ستمبر 1997 میں کیلیفورنیا کی اسٹینفرڈ یونیورسٹی کے طالب علموں لیری پیج اور سرگی برن نے ایک نیا سرچ انجن ایجاد کیا تھا جو ایک منفرد طریقے پر کام کرتا تھا۔ وہ اسٹینفرڈ یونیورسٹی کے کمپیوٹر سائنس ڈیپارٹمنٹ کے ایک کمرے میں دوسرے چند گریجویٹ طالب علموں کے ساتھ بیٹھا کرتے تھے۔ ایک روز وہ اپنے ساتھیوں شون اینڈرسن، تمارا منزنر اور لوکاس پریرا کے ساتھ اس سوچ بچار میں مصروف تھے کہ وہ انٹرنیٹ اپنے اس نئے سرچ انجن کا نام کیا رکھیں۔ اس بارے میں سب ہی دوست سر جوڑ کر بیٹھے تھے۔ ان میں سے لیری ممکنہ ناموں کو شارٹ لسٹ کر رہے تھے جبکہ شون بھی اس عمل میں پیش پیش تھے۔
لیری اور شون، وائٹ بورڈ پر منتخب موزوں ترین ناموں کو درج کر کے ان کے معنی اور مناسبت کے حوالے سے تفصیلات لکھنے میں مصروف تھے۔ اسی دوران شون نے زبانی طور پر ’’googolplex‘‘ لفظ تجویز کیا تو لیری نے فوراً ہی اسے مختصر کر کے ’’googol‘‘ کردیا جو کسی غیرمعمولی طور پر بڑے عدد کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ شون سے سننے میں غلطی ہوئی اور اس نے غلطی سے ڈومین نیم تلاش کرتے دوران googol کی جگہ google ٹائپ کردیا جو لیری برن، دونوں کو بہت پسند آیا۔ خوش قسمتی سے یہ ڈومین نیم دستیاب بھی تھا اس لیے چند روز بعد لیری پیج نے google.com کے نام سے ڈومین  نیم حاصل کر لیا اور یوں انٹرنیٹ کا مشہور ترین سرچ انجن ’’گوگل‘‘ وجود میں آیا۔ اس وقت بھی اگر آپ انٹرنیٹ سروس ’’ہو اِز‘‘ (Who Is) استعمال کرتے ہوئے تلاش کریں گے تو آپ کو معلوم ہو گا کہ ڈومین نیم (google.com) کی اوّلین رجسٹریشن 15 ستمبر 1997 کے روز کروائی گئی تھی۔
آج شاید ہی کوئی ملک ایسا ہو جہاں گوگل پر چیزیں سرچ نہ کی جاتی ہوں، یوٹیوب پر ویڈیوز نہ دیکھی جاتی ہوں، جی میل سے ای میل نہ کی جاتی ہو اور اینڈروئیڈ آپریٹنگ سسٹم کے ذریعے اسمارٹ فونز نہ چلائے جاتے ہوں۔ آج 160 ممالک میں گوگل کے 4 ارب 50 کروڑ صارفین موجود ہیں۔ آج گوگل سیکڑوں نہیں تو درجنوں سروسز تو ضرور فراہم کر رہا ہے اور ویب سرچنگ ان میں سے صرف ایک ہے۔
ویب سرچنگ کے بے تاج بادشاہ گوگل نے چند روز پہلے ہی اپنی 20ویں سالگرہ منائی ہے۔ اس دن کی مناسبت سے گوگل نے مختلف گیمز متعارف کرائے ہیں جو بہت دلچسپ اور رنگوں سے بھرپور ہیں۔

Pakistan’s Growing Population to Outstrip Developmental Gains, Warns UN Report


Islamabad, Pakistan (The News International) | With a population growth rate of 2.4% per year, Pakistan’s growing population is likely to outstrip developmental gains, and continue to adversely affect the economy, environment, health, education, and quality of the lives of all citizens, informs the State of World Population 2018 report launched here on Wednesday. Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world with 208 million people.
Titled ‘The Power of Choice: Reproductive Rights and the Demographic Transition,’ the report terms the global trend towards smaller families as being reflective of people making reproductive choices to have as few or as many children as they want, and when they want. Once people lack choice, it can have a long-term impact on fertility rates.
Dr. Hassan Mohtashami, UNFPA Representative in Pakistan stated, “Choices can change the world. The power to choose the number, timing and spacing of pregnancies will bolster economic and social progress around the world for decades to come. The unmet need for modern contraception prevents thousands of families from choosing their desired family size and pursuing their dreams and aspirations.”
Pervaiz Ahmed Junejo, Executive Director of NIPS stated, “The Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (PDHS) key indicators report shows that the current Total Fertility Rate (TFR) at 3.6 is considerably high compared to the countries in the region except for Afghanistan.” The global report found that no country can claim that all of its citizens enjoy reproductive rights at all times. Most couples cannot have the number of children they desire to have because they either lack economic and social support to achieve their preferred family size or don’t have the means to control their fertility. The unmet need for modern contraception prevents millions of women from choosing smaller families.
Since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, reproductive health and rights have substantially improved around the world. People have a greater capacity to claim their rights. The report makes specific recommendations for policies and programmes that would help each country increase reproductive choices.
To make freedom of choice a reality, says the report, countries can prioritise universal access to quality reproductive health care, including modern contraceptives; ensure better education, including age-appropriate and culturally-sensitive sexuality education; advocate for a change in men’s attitudes to be supportive of the rights and aspirations of women and girls; and make it easier for couples to have more children, if they want them, by enabling greater work-life balance through measures such as affordable childcare.

Daesh Money Trail Traced in Pakistan


Karachi, Pakistan (Faraz Khan/The News International) | The investigators have busted a suspected network of militants and businessmen and traced a ‘money trail’ involving over 50 bank accounts being used to finance the outlawed Daesh in Afghanistan, The News has learned on Wednesday.
Earlier, in September the Anti-Violent Crime Cell (AVCC) of the Karachi police had busted a kidnapping syndicate run by Daesh and arrested three suspected terrorists, namely Mukhtiar, Naeem and Noorullah in raids at Karachi’s Scheme-33 and Sakran in Lasbela district.
The Daesh terrorists had kidnapped a young man from Karachi’s Gulistan-e-Jauhar and called his brother to demand Rs 10 million ransom from an Afghan cell number. Later, the kidnappers released the youngster on payment of the ransom money.
Talking to The News, SSP Bahadur said the funds from kidnapping the youth in Gulistan-e-Jauhar were to be used to finance terrorism in Pakistan but luckily, they were arrested before they could strike.
About the money trail for terror financing, SSP Bahadur said the investigators have so far detected over 50 bank accounts used to despatch money to the Daesh terrorists in Afghanistan from Pakistan.
He said the investigators have also arrested two cloth traders from Karachi and Quetta for transferring funds through ‘Hawala Hundi’ to the Daesh network in Afghanistan. The AVCC chief Irfan Bahadur said, “this is a major case and the apprehensions have given us a breakthrough in unearthing and tracing a money trail used to finance terror in Pakistan.”
He said the recent terrorist bombings in the Mastung, Quetta and other parts of the country were carried out due to the funds generated by criminal proceeds of kidnapping for ransom and extortion. Several Daesh militants were killed and arrested by the police but it is for the first time that the investigators have traced the money trail.
“The Daesh militants are generating funds from Pakistan including Karachi and their supporters, including some businessmen are helping them transfer money to other countries including Afghanistan,” Irfan said. Similarly, the Police have also traced at least four more cases of kidnapping for ransom by Daesh terrorists in Karachi.
Following the arrests of the Daesh terrorists, the Sindh home department constituted a joint investigation team (JIT) was formed to trace the nexus between Daesh terrorists, their supporters and the money trail.
The JIT includes representatives of Inter-Service Intelligence, Military Intelligence, Intelligence Bureau, Rangers, Sindh police’s Counter-Terrorism Department, AVCC, Federal Investigation Agency, the representatives of the State Bank of Pakistan and the Security Exchange Commission. A “pre-session of the JIT was held while the JIT will hold its first official session today at the Central Jail, Karachi,” confirmed AVCC chief SSP Irfan Bahadur.

US will Continue to Pressurise Pakistan until Policy Changes


Washington, USA (Wajid A Syed/The News International) | The Trump administration will continue to apply pressure until Islamabad changes its policy towards regional peace and stability in Afghanistan, says the State Department’s Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Pakistan Henry Ensher.
Speaking at an event organised by the Wilson Centre here on Wednesday, Ensher said in an important relationship with many common interests, efforts to bring peace and stability in Afghanistan was a primary and major area of policy divergence with Pakistan at the moment. “As long as that continues, we will continue to color and take centre stage in the bilateral relationship,” he said.
“In reality, we have seen some action but we have not seen the decisive steps from Pakistan that could demonstrate commitment, ensuring their territory cannot be used by the Taliban, the Haqqani Network and other groups that were so violent and bring instability in the region,” he said.
He argued that President Trump’s South Asia strategy, and suspension of security assistance and coalition support fund payments to Pakistan reflected the US concerns over Islamabad’s continuing counter-productive policies. However, he added that the new civilian government in Pakistan has the opportunity to fix bilateral relations and be “our partner in bringing peace and stability to Afghanistan and peace and security in Pakistan. Doing so will enable a more mutually beneficial relationship.”
He stressed that the US has signaled its commitment but opportunities cannot be merely discussed until an action is taken. “A future course of our relationship, and indeed the trajectory of Pakistan’s development rest in the hands of Pakistani leaders,” he said.
Ensher pointed out that there were two criticisms of US policies that he comes across frequently. First, the Pakistan-US bilateral relation was too Afghan-centric, and the other being disagreements with the use of pressure to try to induce a shift in Pakistan’s own regional policies.
He reasoned that the US has been engaged in the conflict for 17 years. It has more than 15 thousand troops on the ground, spent more than $900 billion so far and endured more than 2,200 deaths.
He agreed that the Trump administration was more willing to applying pressure to advance US national interests. “We will continue to do so in South Asia as well as elsewhere, but it should not disguise the fact that we genuinely believe that a shift in Pakistan policy in aligning with our strategy is very much in Pakistan’s own interests as well.”
Addressing the audience, he warned that Pakistan’s status quo in Afghanistan doesn’t serve its own interests, as ISIS threat to Pakistan, Afghanistan and the region remains and also that the TTP could use Afghanistan territory as a platform for attacks in Pakistan.
He appreciated Pakistan support for ending the conflict through a negotiated settlement by bringing the Taliban to table. “We know that Pakistan can’t deliver a deal by itself, but Pakistan can play a constructive role. We welcome additional measures that Pakistan government could take to increase the willingness of the Taliban leadership to negotiate,” he said.
He reminded that long-standing proxy policies and unresolved regional tensions have had steep cost for Pakistan in a range of different ways. Pakistan has the potential to be a leader in the region - economically and politically, but its policies have instead fed instability and division in the region and in Pakistan as well, he said.
The US also encourages bilateral discussion between Pakistan and India to reduce tensions and lead to improve relations, he said adding that the presence of terrorist and militant groups on Pakistan soil would limit the potential for the likely outcome of such a dialogue.
He said the US encourages Pakistan to address these issues so that regional tensions are resolved and regional connectivity could improve, helping trade between India and Pakistan which has, as the WB estimated, could jump to $37 billion from current $2 billion mark.

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